SETTING THE GRADE:
OUR WOOD FLOOR GRADES EXPLAINED
Wood grades indicate how many natural features a wood floor has, and they are graded according to the number and size of the features on each board, such as knots, sap and tonal variation.
We take grading seriously and hold ourselves to a higher standard than you’ll find elsewhere in the industry – you could even say that we set the grade.
Choosing the grade of your floor is an important part of the specification process and one that many people often overlook.
Think about whether you want a super-clean look in your project, or whether you want something that has lots of natural features in it. You may even want something that sits in the middle of the two.There are six key timber grades to consider: prime, select, nature, character, rustic, and genuine reclaimed.
Each Ted Todd and Woodworks engineered, or solid wood floor has a grading which has been defined according to the appearance.Make sure you compare like-for-like to understand which works best for your specifications as there are significant differences in the grades, from extremely clean prime boards to more characterful rustic ones, which offer a different look and feel.
In this guide, we will explain the differences of each grade.
So, what are the different wood floor grades
and their characteristics?
The cleanest grade that gives the most uniform appearance. It allows for a small number of knots and black pin knots, usually up to 10mm and 5mm respectively. There will be a relatively small amount of colour variation in the timber itself and have a minimal amount of sapwood defects and filler.
A mix of prime and cleaner Nature grade boards, most planks will be sap free with some irregular grain and a limited number of knots allowed. Closed heartwood up to 55mm x 6mm, and irregular grain allowed. Knots up to 50mm with a limited amount of checks and end splits.
Nature grade will include both heartwood and sapwood which is up to 30% of the board and has a wider range of colour variation. Closed heartwood up to 55mm x 6mm and irregular grain allowed. Iregular grain knots up to 50mm, checks and end splits may feature. Filler will be used and will complement the wood.
Character grade will include both heartwood and sapwood which is up to 30% of the board and has a wider range of colour variation. Closed heartwood up to 55mm x 6mm and irregular grain allowed. Knots up to 50mm, checks and end splits may feature. Filler will be used and will complement the wood.
A heavier grade than Nature which allows a virtually limitless size and number of knots. Both sound and broken knots, heartwood and colour variation throughout boards allowed. No minimum of sapwood and filler; you should also expect end splits. Filler will be used and will complement the wood.
Allows for a virtually limitless size and number of knots, checks, colour variation and may contain sap. Character features can include nail holes, restoration features and weather cracks. Filler will be used and will complement the wood.